Down's Syndrome: Myths and Facts

Down Syndrome: Myths and Facts

Down Syndrome: Myths and Facts

Children with genetic disorder

 You must have heard about Persons with Down Syndrome. In this blog series, we will be talking about Down’s Syndrome: Myths and Facts.

Down Syndrome: Myths and Facts

Down Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder.

Fact: Down Syndrome is a common disorder. It is due to the presence of an extra band of chromosome 21. In other words, it is very common and occurs in 1 in every 830 births in India.




Down Syndrome is heredity.

Fact: Down Syndrome is caused randomly in most cases. Therefore, less than 1% of all Down Syndrome cases have a heredity link.

Persons with Down Syndrome have severe delays in their development.

Fact: Each Person with Down Syndrome is unique in their way. Hence, not all children born with Down Syndrome show severe delays. Similarly, cognitive, motor, and speech milestone delays range from mild to severe. Appropriate early intervention and therapies can speed up their growth.

Gross motor skills

All Persons with Down Syndrome are dependent on their caregivers.

Fact: Persons with Down Syndrome can be empowered to be independent, educated, and make a living of their own. In conclusion, there are several Persons with Down Syndrome who grow up to be valuable contributors to society.

All Persons with Down Syndrome have a low Intelligence Quotient.

Fact: Persons with Down Syndrome may have a lower IQ compared to their peers. However, every individual irrespective of their IQ can possess unique talents and skills like no other. They can also grow up to have a typical family and career, just like us all!

Special childrens

Children with Down Syndrome go to Special Schools.

Fact: Every child irrespective of their abilities should be given an opportunity to go to an inclusive school. Similarly, not all children with Down Syndrome go to a special school. In addition, caregivers must evaluate the child’s abilities and skills before making this decision. Many children score good grades and earn graduate degrees and go on to build a successful careers.

Persons with Down’s Syndrome

Persons with Down Syndrome do not communicate or interact.

Fact: Early and regular Speech-Language Therapy intervention is the foundation of communication development. Children and adults with Down Syndrome learn to interact, communicate and form social relationships.

Persons with Down Syndrome have multiple medical issues.

Fact: Multiple medical issues ranging from cardiac defects, anatomical anomalies, poor swallowing function, and hearing issues can be present. Regular and constant medical check-ups will ensure the overall well-being of the individual. Regular hearing testing by an Audiologist is also mandatory.

Down Syndrome lowers the life expectancy of the person.

Fact: The life expectancy of every individual depends on several factors. In other words, regular medical check-ups and appropriate intervention will facilitate the normal life expectancy of the person with Down Syndrome.

Adults and Children with Down Syndrome are alike.

Fact: Adults with Down Syndrome are typical adults and need to be treated that way. They are not childlike and hence, have to be treated with dignity and respect.

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Ayesha Anjum
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