LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS OF CHILDREN WITH ITELLECTUAL DISABILITY
Language is often one of the most impaired areas for a child with Intellectual Disability and may be the single most important characteristic of this disorder.
Speech and language delays vary from moderate to severe degrees. Kids with ID ( Intellectual Disability) develop very little speech while some other children especially those with Fragile X Syndrome and even some Down Syndrome children show “Perseveration” which is excessive talking on a topic when it is appropriate or needless repetition. Some children with ID also exhibit “jargon” speech which is meaningless unintelligible speech, and also echolalia (repetition of a partner’s speech). Some children with Down Syndrome, are almost as skilled as there mental age matched peers in understanding new word meanings and in producing these words correctly thereafter.
The language characteristics are described in the table below.
- Semantics – related with meaning of words
- Syntax – related with sentence structure
- Comprehension – related with understanding of language
- Pragmatics – related with social appropriateness of language and its usage
- Phonology – related with speech sounds and phonetics